Do Not Pass Go: Will Amazon’s Monopoly Be Subject to Regulations?

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Today there are more than 100 million Amazon Prime members worldwide. This American electronic commerce and cloud computing company was started in 1994 by Jeff Bezos in Seattle, Washington. Although it began as an online bookstore, it now sells video games, electronics, apparel, furniture, food, toys, jewelry, and more. Users can stream Oscar-winning movies and music, as well as listen to audio books. Amazon’s low prices and fast delivery are raising the bar for competitors and keeping customers happy. This past month, Amazon reached $1 trillion in value, falling second only to Apple. But, should the changing economy be subject to new rules? Lina Khan thinks so, and she’s shaking up the system.

Movement Toward Change

Wondering who Lina Khan is? Born in London, Khan emigrated to the United States at age 11. She studied law at Yale and worked as an analyst at New America, where she researched consolidation across sectors. Her writing has appeared in the Yale Law Journal and Harvard Law & Policy Review. She was recently covered in a New York Times article, which discusses a paper she wrote as a law student that got her noticed and opened up a discussion for change.

Khan’s article Amazon’s Antitrust Paradox, published in the Yale Law Journal, discusses how current antitrust laws assess competition based on short-term interests of consumers, rather than the health of the market as a whole. She states, “Amazon has marched toward monopoly by singing the tune of contemporary antitrust.” Khan argues that a new assessment should be put in place, especially for online platforms, which would examine the competitive process itself. The focus would be on the business and the structural role it plays in the market. Khan believes it’s important to preserve the competitive process and market structure, rather than the consumer welfare framework that is currently in place.

This article has opened doors for Khan and even landed her with her own critics. She was asked to come in as a temporary advisor in July by the Federal Trade Commission in the midst of questions surrounding privacy, data, and competition. The FTC is holding a hearing this fall to determine whether there should be a change in rules to correspond with the changing economy.

HeinOnline Tips & Searching Tricks

Interested in Lina Khan and her writing? Check out her Author Profile Page in HeinOnline! Simply enter her name in the Author field in the Advanced Search option underneath the search bar.

Screenshot of HeinOnline Tips & Searching

Within search results, click on Khan’s name hyperlinked in blue to be directed to her Author Profile Page.

Screenshot of Author Profile Page results in HeinOnline

From Khan’s Author Profile Page, users can view her ScholarCheck metrics, as well as a list of all her published articles in HeinOnline. Click on the Twitter link to be directed to Khan’s Twitter.

Screenshot of Author Profile Page at HeinOnline

Additionally, users can set up email alerts to be notified of the following:

  • When new material for this author is added to HeinOnline
  • When new articles in HeinOnline cite this author’s articles
  • When articles are accessed on HeinOnline each month
  • When similar articles are published on this author’s works
Screenshot of Set up email alerts in HeinOnline

Now, let’s take a look at how to research this topic in HeinOnline. Start by using the Full Text tab from the Welcome Page to search across all databases. Enter the phrase “monopoly power” and click the search button.

monopoly power search screenshot in HeinOnline

From the results page, refine the search to include the date range of 2016 to date and choose Trade regulation under the Topic facet.

Screenshot of results page and Topic Search in HeinOnline

Relevant articles include:

Next, let’s search for titles in the Law Journal Library which contain the phrase. Using the Full Text tab, enter title: ”monopoly power” and click the search button.

monopoly power search screenshot in HeinOnline

From the results page, choose Number of Times Cited by Articles from the Sort by option.

Screenshot of Number of Times Cited by Articles in search results

Notice the first article listed, Extension of Monopoly Power Through Leverage has been cited by 188 articles, cited by 8 cases and accessed 12 times in a rolling 12-month period by other HeinOnline users. Hein’s ScholarCheck feature allows users to click on the hyperlinks to view these articles and cases.

Screenshot of Hein’s ScholarCheck feature

Now, switch the Sort by option to Number of Times Accessed (Past 12 Months) to see the most accessed articles regarding this search topic.

Screenshot of most accessed articles tool in HeinOnline

Take a look at the first article, Monopoly Power and Market Power in Antitrust Lawwhich has been accessed 72 times in a rolling 12-month period by other HeinOnline users. To view similar articles, click the More Like This button.

Screenshot of More Like This button in HeinOnline

This tool uses a program which pulls out “interesting words,” as determined by an algorithm, from the article being viewed. After clicking the More Like This button, users are provided with a list of similar articles, based on the interesting words.

Screenshot of list of similar articles in HeinOnline

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